Carib fishermen, illustration from Girolamo Benzoni's La historia del Mondo Nuovo (1565; History of the New World).

Val Lorwin

“Salvador De Madariaga was quick to point out that when the dutch made their crossing and came to the West Indies they found the First People thriving with joy and balance. The land was abundant with wild life. The Dutch immediately enslaved the people and put them to work, cutting down the trees to build windmills and dikes.”



Museum of the Sierra - https://museumofthesierra.org

Cam Smith



Family Histories 2018 & 2023, by John Shaver Craycroft, Apple Books, 2018  https://books.apple.com/us/book/family-histories/id1209367276, 2023 https://books.apple.com/us/book/family-histories/id1209367276

Encylopedia Britanica: https://www.britannica.com/topic/Carib

Val Lorwin, Historian/Mensch: https://cswswomensrights.files.wordpress.com/2010/10/2010-annual-rvw-lorwin.pdf

Salvador de Madariaga: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salvador_de_Madariaga

The Ohlone Way, Indian life in the San Francisco Bay Area,  by Malcolm Margolin, Heyday Books, 2021 - https://www.heydaybooks.com/catalog/the-ohlone-way-indian-life-in-the-san-francisco-monterey-bay-area/

Silver Fox and Coyote Create the Earth, Native American Animal Stories. Ed. Joseph Bruchac. Golden, CO: Fulcrum Pub., 1992. 3-4. 

Greater Shaver Lake Visitors Bureau: https://goshaver.org/about-ros/

Miwok Legends: https://www.firstpeople.us/FP-Html-Legends/YosemiteValley-Miwok.html

Lock Haven: https://www.yumpu.com/en/document/view/34829094/lock-haven-the-express

Clinton County: http://www.timevoyagers.com/bookstore/penna/clinton.htm#:~:text=Clinton%20County%20was%20created%20on,opponents%20of%20the%20new%20county.

Maine Logging: 


Argyle Maine: https://maineanencyclopedia.com/argyle/


Here where the have been and the snow stays late,

The stone is clean as light, the light steady as stone.

The world is filled with running water

That pounds in the ear like ether;

The granite needles rise from the snow, pale as steel;

Above the copper mine the cliff is blood red,

The white snow breaks the edge of it;

The sky comes close to my eyes like the blue eyes

Of someone kissed in sleep.

From towards an Organic Philosophy, 1940, by Kenneth Rexroth

In the Sierra: Mountain Writings, by Kenneth Rexroth, New Directions, 2012

Muir Trail Ranch: https://muirtrailranch.com

One granite ridge

A tree, would be enough

Or even a rock, a small creek,

A bark shred in a pool.

Hill beyond hill, folded and twisted   

Tough trees crammed

In thin stone fractures

A huge moon on it all, is too much.   

The mind wanders. A million

Summers, night air still and the rocks   

Warm.   Sky over endless mountains.   

All the junk that goes with being human   

Drops away, hard rock wavers

Even the heavy present seems to fail   

This bubble of a heart.

Words and books

Like a small creek off a high ledge   

Gone in the dry air.

A clear, attentive mind

Has no meaning but that

Which sees is truly seen.

No one loves rock, yet we are here.   

Night chills. A flick

In the moonlight

Slips into Juniper shadow:

Back there unseen

Cold proud eyes

Of Cougar or Coyote

Watch me rise and go.

Paiute Creek, by Gary Snyder, See: Myths and Texts, Riprap and Cold Mountain Poems, The Back Country, Axe handles, etc.

Oral History of Adeline Smith, by Adeline Smith, Central Sierra historical Society and Museum, 2005

The Mountain Kitchen Book, by Karla Smith, Triangle Lithograph, Los Angeles 1972

Never a Dull Moment, by Hilary Hurley, published by Pacific Printing in Fresno, California 1998

Land of Little Rain, by Mary Austin, Houghton Mifflin 1903

The Dharma Bums, Chapter 6, by Jack Kerouac, Viking press, 1958

The High Sierra, A Love Story, Kim Stanley Robinson, Little, Brown and Company, 2022

Exploring the Highest Sierra, by James G. Moore, Stanford University Press, 2000

The High Sierras: Peaks— Passes — Trails, by R.J. Secor, Mountaineers Books, 2009

The Laws Field Guide to the Sierra Nevada, by John Muir Laws, Heyday Books, 2007

Sierra High Route, Traversing Timberline Country, by Steve Roper, Mountaineers Books, 1997

High Sierra: John Muir’s Range of Light, by Phil Arnot, Wide World Publishing/Tetra, 1996

Norman Clyde: Legendary Mountaineer of California’s Sierra Nevada, by Robert C. Pavlik, Heyday Books, 2008

The Last Season, by Eric Blehm, Harper Perennial

King Sequoia, by William C. Tweed, Heyday Books, 2016: also Granite pathways: A History of the Wilderness Trail System of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National parks conservancy, 2021

Water and Power, by William L. Karl, University of California Press, 2009

Passing Strange, Martha A. Sandweiss, Penguin Press, 2009. The secret life of Clarence King.

Pilgrims of the Wild, John P. O’Grady, university of Utah Press 1993

Storm over Mono, by John hart, University of California Press, 1996 

Stopping the Road, by Jack Fisher, Sanger Group, 2014

Sierra Club Bulletin, 1896-present

Mount Whitney: Mountain Lore from the Whitney Store, by Doug Thompson and Elizabeth Newbold, westward publishing Company, 2003.

In the Summer of 1903, Colonel Young and the Buffalo Soldiers in Sequoia National Park, Ward Eldredge, Sequoia Natural History Association, 2009

Mineral King: The Story of Beulah, by Louise A. Jackson, Sequoia Natural History Association, 2009

Francois Matthes and the Marks of Time, by Francois Matthes, edited by Fritiof Fryxell, Sierra Club Books

David Brower: The Making of the Environmental movement, by Tom Turner, University of California Press, 2015

A Treasury of the Sierra Nevada, edited by Robert Leonard Reid, Wilderness Press, 1983

The Illuminated Landscape: A Sierra Nevada Anthology. edited by Gary Noy and Rick Heide, Sierra College Press and Heyday Books, 2010

Desolation Wilderness and South Lake Tahoe Basin, Jeffrey P. Schaffer, Wilderness Press, 1980

Trekking California, Paul Richins Jr., Mountaineers Books, 2004

Glaciers of California, by Bill Guyton, University of California Press, 1998

Place Names of the Sierra Nevada, by Peter Browning, Wilderness Press, 1986

Wilderness Press Guidebooks

High Odessey, by Eugene A. Rose, Howell-North Books, 1974

Close Ups of the High Sierra, by Norman Clyde, Spotted Dog Press.

Up in Our Country, by George putnam, Duell, Sloan & Pearce, 1950

The Secret Sierra, by David Gilligan, Spotted Dog Press, 2000

A PARADISE BUILT IN HELL, BY Rebecca Solnit, Penguin- Randomhouse, August 2010

General Reference

Where I was From, by Joan Didion,

The Ohlone Way, by Malcolm Margolin

The Octopus, Frank Norris

Family Search Website: https://www.familysearch.org

Wikitree Website: https://www.wikitree.com

Ancestry.com: https://www.ancestry.com

Peter’s--Pinterest Site: Metaphors-Blood:https://www.pinterest.com/piedcrow/blood/

John’s--Craycroft/Hemphill Ancestry.com site


Craycroft and Bresnahan/Bresnan Families Website:


Cracroft Family UK Website:


Craycroft Roots Web Site:


Central Sierra Historical Society: https://sierrahistorical.org

Delaware County-Shavertown, NY History :


The Palatine Families Project


Mayflower History.com


Ulster-Scot Society


San Francisco Museum


Calvert County Maryland History


Yarmouth Nova Scotia Historical Society 


Museum of the Sierra’s Press Release

CB and lena Shaver

Presentation Summary:
The presentation will climb the trees of Lena and CB’s families to reveal the character and understandings that drove and motivated them, inspired and created the arcs of their lives and lead them west to the frontier fringe of the American west. In the process you will meet the partners that worked with them to create the foundations of the Shaver Lake, Mill, Flume, Railroad and Community, including LP, Harvey and Minnie Roberts Swift and many other pillars of the Shaver, Fresno and outlying communities. We will explore the innovations and the culture that made their times so dynamic and how they formed and were extended by their children and their children’s partners, partners families and their friends. The environments of Shaver, Rock Haven, Pine Ridge (Shaver Ranch and the Armstrong Hotel) and Muir Trail Ranch (The Diamond D) will receive special attention. The grace, power and beauty of High Sierra with its vibrant plant and animal life that surrounds us will guide and inspire our journey. The presence, spirit, understandings and contributions of the people of The First Nation will be appreciated as will the immigrant laborers without whom none of this would have been possible. The presentation will be illustrated by many original and previously unreleased photographs from the CB Shaver Collection accompanied by original graphics, timelines, drawings and illustrations.

Speaker: Peter Craycroft
Born in Saint Agnes Hospital, in Fresno, California on the third of February in 1944, Peter Burr Craycroft is the son of Doctor Charles Burr Craycroft and the Great Grandson of Charles Burr (Cannonball) Shaver. Peter grew up in the High Sierra, learned much from its people, places, plants, animals and its inviting, yet often daunting terrain. He traveled north for new, more challenging, less traveled and more wild frontiers, earned a couple of college degrees and, over the past 50 years has pioneered many innovative, highly successful and breathtaking ventures, riding the cutting edge of brand making, marketing and manufacturing with trail blazing, long term partners including Hewlett Packard, Nike, Adidas, Levi Strauss and Apple Computer. Diverse in his training and practice, Peter has often been asked to teach, lecture, give and participate in presentations to widely varying groups, including school, university, civic, governmental, radio and television audiences. Peters mother, Jean Parks Hemphill grew up in Sugar Pine, where her father, John Parks Hemphill, worked his way up to General Manager of the Madera Sugar Pine Company. Jean was an inspired child of the Sierra and became a highly honored history scholar at Stanford. Jean and Burr were great mentors, chroniclers and story tellers. This always brought Peter back to the mountains of his birth. It is their voices and the stories of their families that Peter will humbly attempt to convey to you. He is grateful for the opportunity to add my voice to Sierra Voices.


Karl Smith

Dear Dad,

Thank you for the mountains. You gave

us the most incredible gift. Rivers and trees and rocks, forty horses in our backyard and as much space as we could possibly run in, all wild and beautiful.

And you gave us challenges, a chance to 

learn the wonderful skills of the mountains and feel at home there……